沃邦年終總結|2019年度TOEFL寫作年終盤點


來源:   時間:2019-12-30 18:07:02

--獨立寫作的熱門話題

 
托福寫作考試從今年1月到12月8號總共考了52道獨立寫作題目(包含幾次上午場和下午場題目)。根據統計,今年的獨立寫作熱門話題:教育話題和社會話題,其中教育占了40%,社會占了23%。
 
\
 
同學們一般在備考時對教育話題準備的很多,因為都是與學生的每天學習相關的內容,同時在教育話題中除了schooling之外,還有parenting父母家庭教育考的也很多,大家也需要關注。另外,今年除了教育話題比較熱門外,社會話題占比也很多。關于這些熱門話題,大家都可以思考一下,你們會有什么樣的觀點呢?有了觀點后你們會有什么樣的分論點以及論證方法和舉例等來支撐你們的觀點呢?
 
\
 
--今年托福寫作需要注意的第二大點是三選一題型和對比類題型等“超難”題型出現的很多

比如,今年10月的一道考題:
Many young people face the problems of finding a job after graduation. Which of the following method would you recommend?
- asking for others’ advice
- sending emails to the companies
- searching information online or other publications
 
其實三選一看起來題目復雜,而實際上很簡單。大家可以使用讓步段來寫沒選的另外兩個選項,比如中間段可以使用:A1, A2, BC- A+, B-, C-這樣的結構安排。今年還首次出現了一次四選一的考題:2019/9/21 (下午場)
 
Many people suffer from home sick when they first arrive at a new place. Which of the following method is the most effective to relieve?
- Do activities or eat food that reminds you of home
;
- Maintain contact with people from home;
- Make new friends;
- Try activities and foods that are special to the place you are in.
 
再來看看對比類的題型,大家要注意對比的不同點:時間上的對比和A和B之間的對比,比如今年9月的一道考題:
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is easier for people to maintain good health than before.
現代人比過去的人更加好地維持健康嗎?這道題的展開中就需要大家寫出一些現代與過去之間的對比了,大家在選擇論證方法時就可以使用一下對比論證了,比如decades ago 怎么樣,in contemporary society怎么樣的情況都要展開出來。
 
--第三大點:獨立作文題目長短與難度有關系嗎?

我個人覺得作文題目不是越長越難,因為題目越長提示信息越多,可能分論點更容易想;當然,如果是對于閱讀速度較慢的同學就另當別論了,因為可能題目越長,讀題的理解時間會很久。今年的獨立寫作中很多同學發現有一些題目很短的考題,但是挺難想分論點的。
比如今年3月的一道考題:
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important problems of the society can be solved during our life time. 社會的重大問題在我們的有生之年可以被解決。很多同學看到這個題目之后的感覺是很懵,不知道題目在問什么。其實,這樣的考題被統稱為“抽象題型”,我們在展開的時候,一般會用拆分具象法,題目中的社會重大問題這樣的抽象名詞就可以被拆分具體的哪些問題,比如:環境問題,貧困問題和戰爭問題等等,再逐一進行說理和舉例加以展開論證。
 
--2020年托福綜合寫作和獨立寫作的備考要點

很多同學覺得綜合寫作只需要背個模版,其實這種想法已經完全過時了。
首先,在今年8月托福的最新改革后,從考試形式來看,寫作沒有變化。但實際上,ETS對模版的打擊力度更大了,我們都知道幾年前寫作就開始機器和人工共同評分了,那么e-rater機器評分除了識別評判出grammar, usage, mechanics, style, organization等方面,還會繼續通過corpus語料庫來識別出該考生的作文里是否有背模版的情況。所以,不管是獨立還是綜合,大家都要摒棄背誦別人的模版,自己去創新個性化的語言表達。
第二,綜合寫作的瓶頸分21-22分,也就是很多同學可以大致聽到綜合寫作的聽力三大點大方向,但是在個別一大點上會丟失重點信息,比如:聽力講座在駁斥閱讀信息點時舉出的evidence和具體的explanation.  所以說,綜合寫作里的精聽細節重點信息是非常關鍵的。
最后,關于獨立寫作的備考要點:簡單來說,就是logic and language.  如果一篇作文邏輯不通順,即使語言再華麗,讀者或考官也無法理解這篇文章的point是什么,比如獨立寫作的結構邏輯不僅僅是形式上的總分總,更重要的是unity, progression and coherence, 特別是每句話之間的邏輯連貫性。另外,如果一篇作文的邏輯清晰,但是語言上的語法錯誤連連或者表達很貧乏,當然也會直接影響到分數,因為,托福畢竟是門語言類的考試,如何在獨立寫作里用恰當準確的語言去表達出一篇觀點明確邏輯清晰的作文是很關鍵的。
 

2019年獨立寫作真題機經

 
1.2019/1/5
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Scientific discoveries should be shared around the world.Government should not keep it private.
 
2.2019/1/12
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
It is better to travel to different countries when you are young than when you are older.
 
3.2019/1/13
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Students are more interested in politics than they were in the past.
 
4.2019/1/26
In order to improve your presentation skill, which of the following method do you think is more effective?
-To watch video recording of the speech
-To practice with classmates or colleagues
 
5.2019/2/23
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
It is difficult for teachers to be both popular (students like them) and effective in helping students in learning?
 
6.2019/2/24
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Some students have poor study habits when they enter university or college. All students should take required courses to develop good learning habits.
 
7.2019/3/3
Now many people believe that primary school students should spend more time on learning technical subjects such as computer, instead of arts or music. Do you think it is a good or bad decision?
 
8.2019/3/9
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important problems of the society can be solved during our life time.
 
9.2019/3/16
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Taking a lot of time to make an important decision is a bad character for a person.
 
10.2019/3/30
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Parents should limit the hours that children spend on digital products besides schoolwork.
 
11.2019/3/31
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The university will spend money on dormitory to improve the life quality of students, which of the following do you think is the best way?
-providing a room for quiet study;
-building an exercise room;
-providing entertainment place (watch film).
 
12.2019/4/13
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Children rely too much on the technology, like computers, smart phones, video games for fun and entertainment. Playing simpler toys or playing outside with friends would be better for children’s development.
 
13.2019/4/14
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Students do not respect their teachers as much as they did in the past.
 
14.2019/5/4
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important goal for education is to teach people how to educate themselves.
 
15.2019/5/11
Some people think that older children should be required to take care of the younger children.
Others think that this should be done by parents or other adults.
Which one do you prefer?
 
16.2019/5/18
Doing which activity do you think can better help you strengthen the friendship between you and your friend?
-having a good time together with your friend
-solving your friend’s problem with him or her
 
17.2019/5/19
Many schools require young children (aged 5-11) to study together in small groups instead of studying alone. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Requiring children to study in groups in the best way to teach them and why?
 
18.2019/5/26
Some people prefer to take small classes in which professor can remember every student's name. Other people think it is better to take big classes. Which do you prefer and why?
 
19.2019/6/1
Some people prefer to travel to tourist spots with many visitors. While others prefer less crowded ones. Which do you prefer and why?
 
20.2019/6/15
One company plans to prohibit employees from working through emails and text messages during weekends and holidays. Some people believe that by doing this, the company can reduce employees’ dissatisfaction with the company; while others believe this does not work. What is your opinion and why?
 
21.2019/6/16
If you go traveling to a city for the first time, but you only have a limited amount of time, which place will you choose? Choose one from the following three options.
- touring the historic sites
- going shopping on some markets
- going to the restaurants or café
 
22.2019/6/29
In high school classes, which of the following way is the most effective to stimulate students’ interest.
- using technology in the classroom more often
- more group work
- introduce how knowledge is related to daily life
 
23.2019/7/6
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
For a business to be successful, man must spend a lot of money on advertising.
 
24.2019/7/7
Which of the following values is the most important to share with a young child (5-10 years old)?
-Being helpful
-Being honest
-Being well organized
 
25.2019/7/13
The company would like to invest in improving employees’ work. Which way do you think is better?
to help employees become more adept to new technology
to redesign the working environment to be more comfortable and spacious
 
26.2019/7/28
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Teachers should give primary children (aged 5~10) assignments less than 30 minutes, because they have enough instructions in regular school classes.
 
27.2019/8/3
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
In modern society, parents should learn more from children than children learn from parents.
 
28.2019/8/10
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
All university students should be required to take a public speaking course.
 
29.2019/8/24
Some college teachers prefer to ask students to watch or listen to a recorded lecture before class.In class, they will ask students to do more practices about what they have learned from the lecture.
Do you think this is an effective way and why?
 
30.2019/8/24
Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer?
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
 
31.2019/8/25
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Even if science and technology would continue to advance and improve the quality of people' lives, the most significant improvements have already taken place.
 
32.2019/9/1
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
It is easier for people to maintain good health than before.
 
33.2019/9/7
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important characteristic of a successful politician or a leader is good communication skills.
 
34.2019/9/21(上午場)
A town is given an amount of money to build an outside place. It can be either a garden for everyone or a sports field for the nearby high school students since the high school doesn't have a sports field.
Which do you think is better? Use examples and details in your answer.
 
35.2019/9/21(下午場)
Many people suffer from home sick when they first arrive at a new place. Which of the following method is the most effective to relieve?
- Do activities or eat food that reminds you of home
;
- Maintain contact with people from home;
- Make new friends;
- Try activities and foods that are special to the place you are in
 
36.2019/9/22
Some companies provide important products or service, but also damage the environment. Some people believe that the government should impose more penalty, higher tax and larger fine on these companies, while others believe there are better ways.
Which do you prefer?
 
37.2019/10/12
上午:
Nowadays, there are many different kinds of news and stories on newspapers for people to read or listen to. It is helpful for people if they take a break from reading or listening to the news. Do you think it is beneficial for people to stop reading or listening to the news for a period of a few days or a week? Why or why not?
 
38 .2019/10/12
下午:
Which of the following is the most beneficial for young people during their spare time?
- gaining practical work experience through part-time job or volunteering in the community
- learning to play a sport
- learning to play a musical instrument
 
39.2019/10/13
Which of the following do you think is the best way for a student to make new friends?
-joining a sports team
-participating volunteer activities in a community
-traveling
 
40.2019/10/19
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Parents should restrict young students’ time spent on technology.
 
41.2019/10/26
Many young people face the problems of finding a job after graduation. Which of the following method would you recommend?
- asking for others’ advice
- sending emails to the companies
-searching information online or other publications
 
42.2019/10/27
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The rapid growth of cities has a positive impact on the development of the society.

 
43.2019/11/2
Celebrities, such as actors, musicians and athletes, sometimes express their political views in public. Some people appreciate knowing the political views of celebrities. Others think it is not appropriate or useful to know the political views of celebrities. Which opinion do you agree with?
 
44.2019/11/3
 Which kind of professors will you choose when selecting the courses?
 - Some professors who are voted to be the most popular
 - Some professors who are rewarded of outstanding research
 
45 .2019/11/9
Many moviemakers make movies based on books. Some people prefer to read the book before they watch the movie, while other people prefer to watch the movie before they read the book. Which do you prefer?
 
46.2019/11/10
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
These days, children spend more time on doing homework or participating in organized activities related to school or sports. However, they should be given more time to do whatever they want.
 
47.2019/ 11/16
High school teachers spend most of the class time lecturing while the students listen and take notes. Other high school teachers spend most of the class time on discussion and projects that students are highly involved in and exchange their ideas.Which of these two approaches do you think is more effective for students' learning and why?
 
48.2019/ 11/17
Some people believe that young students (5-10 years old) should be required to take a less-than-1 hour class and then play games while having a rest; others believe that young students should be required to take a longer class to train their focus. Which opinion do you agree with and why?
 
49.2019/12/1
上午場We are often asked to give feedbacks about the work of others (colleagues or classmates). Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When giving feedbacks to others, it would be more effective to give positive comments first than to give negative comments first. Why?
 
50.2019/12/1
下午場Some people who donate money to a charity want to decide how to use the money (where and whom); others want the charity to decide how to use the money. Which way do you think would be better? and why?
 
51.2019/12/7
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Movies and television programs should present stories that good people should be rewarded and bad people should be punished?
 
52.2019/12/8
Which of the following way is the most effective for parents to get children (aged 3~6) prepared for their studies.
1. providing more books for children to read
2. reading books aloud for children
3. practicing speaking with adults
 
2019年托福綜合寫作真題機經
2019/1/5海洋吸塵器 ocean cleanup array
2019/1/12犀牛在南非被大肆捕獵,將它們安置在Botswana
2019/1/13考拉數量減少的原因
2019/1/26restore bay and its marine animals 的三個方法
2019/2/23土星的衛星Titan有三個unusual features
2019/2/24gluten對人體健康產生的影響
2019/3/3地中海地區的groove的用途有三個猜測
2019/3/9 影響sauropds進化比較大的三個環境因素
2019/3/16野生老虎數量減少的三個原因及對應的解決方法
2019/3/30埃及金字塔的shaft 有什么作用
2019/3/31某地大量鳥死亡,針對此提出firework theory
2019/4/13高中學校要求學生參與社區志愿活動才能畢業是不是一個好主意
2019/4/14鹿角(antlers)的三個功能
2019/5/4如何防治入侵的海星
2019/5/11 太陽能電池板建在太空更好還是建在地球更好
2019/5/18關于學習樂器演奏課
2019/5/19在美國西部建立一個往返舊金山和洛杉磯的鐵路系統很有好處
2019/5/26網上買藥 buying medications online
2019/6/1如何控制velvet trees
2019/6/15 給野生動物建造crossings
2019/6/16 為了減少某種攜帶病毒的蚊子的數量,一個生物科技公司研究出一種genetically modified mosquitos
2019/6/29 汽車使用化石燃料引起全球氣候變暖,三種代替 fossil fuels的方法
2019/7/6智利的一個沙漠發現了很多海洋動物的化石,然后科學家提出了三個造成這么多動物死一起的原因
2019/7/7政府是否應該投資藝術家和藝術組織
2019/7/13為什么飛蛾會撲火
2019/7/281606年之前,歐洲人是否抵達過澳大利亞
2019/8/3Mars的meteorite研究證明Mars上可能存在生命
2019/8/10 生態系統Everglades面臨著三個嚴重的環境威脅
2019/8/24 (上午場)Hermit ibis是一種瀕危鳥類,科學家想要挽救Hermit ibis,但是有三個困難。(下午場)cypress knees的三個作用
2019/8/25關于建造 Irish tower的用途
2019/9/1為緩解交通擁堵要收費 (whether the government should charge taxes on congestion
2019/9/7 saber-toothed cats 劍齒虎是不是群居動物.
2019/9/21 (上午場) 去local store購買食物有三個主要的優點;(下午場) 轉基因產品
2019/9/22導致Franklin探險隊死亡的lead poisoning是否來自罐頭裝食品
2019/10/12(上午場)guillemot鳥下的蛋的三種特征(pattern、surface、shape)(下午場)草原犬鼠Prairie dogs要不要保護
2019/10/13Gamburstev mountain range形成的原理
2019/10/19古羅馬城鎮遺跡可能受損的原因和解決方法
2019/10/26bird feeders的三個缺點
2019/10/27是否應該繼續建EAS系統(一種幫助偏遠地區人們更方便到飛機場的系統)
2019/11/2 應該提倡開發新能源 wind and solar
2019/11/3有些科學家相信南極的溫度在1500萬年前比現在高,可能會有更多的動植物
2019/11/9Michelangelo (米開朗基羅) forged a statue called Laocoon.
2019/11/10New Zealand的black robins (黑色知更鳥) 數量銳減的原因以及保護方法
2019/11/16 探測火星,飛船在赤道著陸好還是極地著陸更好
2019/ 11/17 schliemann’s mask,Sch發現一個黃金面具,但有人說假的
2019/12/1 (上午場)冰山做淡水來源是否好; (下午場) 用bacteria去清除oil spills
2019/12/7reduce number of carps in Australia 澳洲鯉魚治理
2019/12/8 城市舉辦大型競技活動對城市好不好
 
詞匯為本 方法為王
聽了再多方法 學了再多技巧
如果單詞量不過硬
想要考高分也并非易事
 
為了幫大家解決單詞背誦上的難題
今天特意為大家準備了三本書
分別針對托;A、核心、真題的詞匯
只要你看到這里
就可以來領取其中一本哦
(ps:免費的喲~
\
本文系上海沃邦王老師原創,如需轉載請至公眾號后臺與我們取得聯系,并獲取轉載授權。
\


延伸閱讀

沃邦年終總結|2019年度TOEFL閱讀年終盤點

沃邦年終總結|2019年度TOEFL聽力年終盤點

沃邦年終總結|2019年度TOEFL口語年終盤點

熱點關注

校區地址
近期出分情況
电竞比赛主要游戏