如何在托福聽力學習中快速打怪升級?這些要點不得不知!


來源:   時間:2019-12-25 17:41:52

無論學習什么,如果遇到自己努力了但仍然止步不前的情況,要么是沒能準確發現自己的問題,要么就是不知道問題怎么解決,而老師扮演的角色其實就是找出問題并對癥下藥。那我們現在來看下聽力里面一些常見的問題,以及解決這些問題的方法。
 
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很多同學在回答這個問題的時候都很自信,因為在自身看來,but,however 這種詞可比 meteorology 這種學科詞匯容易多了,可是事實就是當放出一段聽力材料時,很多同學并不能很好地抓住每個邏輯提示詞。而我們的考點往往就出在這些地方。
 
比如 TPO 27 lecture 4 Primary Colors 這篇文章里面第三題。
 
Why does the professor mention Isaac Newton?
A. To show the similarities between early ideas in art and early ideas in science
B. To explain why mixing primary colors does not produce satisfactory secondary colors
C. To provide background information for the theory of primary colors
D. To point out the first person to propose a theory of primary colors
 
Newton gave a scientific and objective explanation of colors. He used a prism to break white light down into the various colors of the spectrum, and he theorized-rightly so-that different colors are essentially different wavelengths of light. But he made no mention of "primary" colors. That idea came from- or was at least published by-a man named Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
 
正確答案為 C?梢钥吹竭@一題的答案句有邏輯詞but,如果有的同學沒聽到,那么就可能錯失了一道題。
如果還沒有被說服,請看本篇文章第四題。
 
According to the professor, what were the results of Goethe’s experiments with color?
Click on 2 answers
 
A. The experiments failed to find a connection between colors and emotions.
B. The experiments showed useful connections between color and light.
C. The experiments provided valuable information about the relationships between colors.
D. The experiments were not useful until modern psychologists reinterpreted them.
 
Um, anyway, Goethe conducted a number of experiments trying to figure out which colors corresponded to which emotions...And, in terms of that goal, he wasn't very successful. But... his experiments actually did show a lot about the relationships between colors themselves, about how colors change when placed next to other colors, about how they interact with one another. Scientists studying optics and chromatics today still marvel at his findings...But Goethe wasn't really able to establish a clear connection between colors and emotions.
 
再回頭看看第二題
 
What does the professor imply about the usefulness of the theory of primary colors?
A. It is not very useful to artists.
B. It has been very useful to scientists.
C. It is more useful to artists than to psychologists.
D. It is more useful to modern-day artists than to artists in the past.
 
OK... As-as you probably know, primary colors are, theoretically speaking, the basic colors from which all other colors can be made. But as you'll find out when you start working on your painting projects, the three primary colors-red, blue, yellow-don't always make the best secondary colors.Combining red and blue, you'll probably never get a fantastic violet. To get a nice violet, you'll have to add white. Combining yellow and blue, you'll almost never get a satisfactory green. You're better off using a pure green pigment...
 
如果對 but 不敏感,這篇文章里的三道題都很可能因此丟分。
 
當問到這一段聽到了什么的時候,一般基礎比較好的同學會描述答案句后面的內容。比如紅加藍不能制作出好看的紫色,藍色加黃色制作不出滿意的綠色。這種情況下,雖然找錯了答案句,但至少聽懂了后面拿來論證答案句的例子,推理一下正確答案A也就出來了。但是有一些答案句邏輯詞放一遍就過去了,有時候并沒有那么多的其他信息可以拿來推理。這樣的題往往是基礎較好的同學容易錯失的。比如TPO32 copper basin 的第三題
 
What does the professor imply when he mentions an Olympic whitewater kayaking competition?
A. That many people are unaware of the environmental problems in the Copper Basin
B. That a successful reclamation of the Copper Basin may be possible
C. That some activities in the Copper Basin must go on despite the pollution
D. That the Olympic competition should have been held in a different location
 
Copper mining had gone on there for more than 90 years! The damage couldn't be reversed overnight.
Although I should mention that by 1996, the water in one of the rivers flowing through the basin was clean enough that it was the site of the Olympic white water kayaking competition. And that river is still used now for recreation. But anyway... So ... let's analyze the problem. It wasn't the mining itself that caused such massive destruction. It was what happened after the copper ore was extracted from the mines. It was a process called heap roasting.
 
可以看的出,答案句前后都在說銅礦開采導致環境惡化,大家在想辦法恢復良好生態,這時候although 轉折邏輯詞引出答案句,有條河的水是干凈的,還能用于奧林匹克競技運動。在全文基調都在說環境被破壞的情況下,一些傳達出消極后果的選項看似會更符合邏輯。所以在沒聽到這個邏輯詞的情況下,基本很少有同學會選到正確答案 C。那怎么解決這個問題呢,方法非常普通,就是每聽一篇文章時,都要有目的性地去聽這個邏輯詞,直到自己對特定邏輯詞變得特別敏感,這時候離自己準確抓出考點就不遠了。有同學會說,一篇文章邏輯詞何其多,怎么能聽得出全部。那么請再問自己一個問題,比起記住全文,著重聽邏輯詞是否在某種程度上幫助自己節省了精力了呢。
 
有些基礎較為薄弱的同學會說,我聽到了 but ,但是那句話沒聽懂是什么意思。這個問題解決方案又不一樣了。首先回到答案句,問自己是否有單詞沒聽出來,如果有,請及時記錄,并且跟讀。如果發現單詞都聽的出來,而是自己對句子的反應速度過慢,那就需要加強長難句的聽譯訓練。當句子播放時,根據句子意群,快速反應句子的中文意思。量變生質變,做過類似練習的同學覺得沒用,肯定是量積累的不夠。
 
說到基礎,在上課的過程中發現很多基礎教薄弱的小可愛們,對一些對話的詞匯或者詞組并沒有很好的掌握如單詞 graduate/ check out也許他們知道這兩個單詞分別表示畢業/退房的意思,但并不知道有研究生和借書的意思,那么如果自己對這些場景單詞沒有一定的積累,怎么能保證對對話有一個好的情景理解呢。相應的講座里的學科單詞也是需要去積累的。
 
最后,做錯題的原因遠不止對考點抓取不熟練或是基礎差,學會整理錯題,自我分析很重要。
 
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